Successful gardeners often understand the best way to reduce garbage from landfills. One best consideration is to rely on composting not only to improve the backyard but also for improving soil fertility. What is more, the organic material is good in moisture management, feeds useful microbes, and protects against damaging ones. Saving family leftovers and making it as plant food leads to higher produce and a better garden at no additional cost.
To get satisfying results from compost, you must have a compost bin. This system is a factory that powerfully produces lots of broken-down gold in a few weeks. Unlike using a remote approach this is typically better than waiting for, months to get the product.
And fortunately, you can set up one in an easy way. All you need is rot-resistant, clean and removable wood as the critical feature. The planks should let enough air movement to avoid foul smell. This guide created important tips to help you start out. Even better, you will build your favorite unit in a few hours. Read on and get to make your compost bin:
How to Build a Compost Bin
- One saw
- One drill
- One measuring tape
- A box of different sized wood screws
- A sledgehammer
- Four metallic posts about 4ft having screw holes
- Staple gun and staples
- One chicken wire roll
- Wood and Wood Cuts
- Removable planks pieces.
Absolutely, one of the reasons for making a leftover collection station at home is to get natural more fertile for your garden. Whether you live in a house with no backyard or an apartment, you need to set up a bin with three sections to avoid trash food.
Make the End Panels of the Compost Bin
Choose a flat place to work on and place the posts. Drill holes through to guide you and prevent splitting the planks. Put wood on the sides of the posts and attach them. Space all the slats evenly and fix the remaining ones to form one section.
Place its supports at the front and backside then take the structure to hard ground. attach by screwing to both the side and upright slats. Turn over the pieces to face down and fix the lower bottom sections using the screws. Repeat the procedure to make the other panels. Put the panels flats to create grooves on the removable planks. Provide a little thickness on one plank and attach all the supports to the slots made. Leave one plank in a position to guide you.
Build the Middle Sections of the Compost Bin
The panels for this part are worked on in a similar way as the first panel is made. So, repeat the steps above and attach them. Then, flip the boards and secure three side planks on the extreme ends of the middle panels.
Ensure you center the back and front supports perpendicularly to the posts. Fix the pieces at the bottom and carefully screw it to the sideboards. Create grooves on the planks on the side and attach supports to the posts. Drill both the middle panels’ faces.
Lay the Compost Bin in One Place
Set the panels in a way that the front supports balance them. Fix the foot back planks to the supports of the end panel. Measure from all the end to identify where to place the middle panels. Then attach the sections using screws, positioning the marks to back supports. Put the bin with lowermost parts touching the ground and slip four detachable planks on every bin.
Ensure the front supports are evenly spaced. Then remove the slats, place and attach the metal posts. Staple the wire mesh on the interiors of all the bins. The chicken wire acts as a fence to protect the contents of the bin from animals including raccoons or neighbor dogs. Change the removable slats and there you can start throwing in leftovers.
How to Use the Compost Bin System
Although your compost bin will be fixed outside ensure it has a tightly fitting lid. Of course, trash food smells over time so use a material that can absorb smells. Choose to line the sides using biodegradable bags.
While it is highly tempting to use again the plastic bags from your grocery store, the reality is materials are nonbiodegradable. That means it will not meet the aim of composting bags. You will need to replace the linings regularly to avoid having your home stink of weeks-old leftovers. the bin gets a full look for a secure and easy way to transport and eliminate odor.
What can you feed the compost with?
The compost pile should consist of the appropriate materials. And the structure should encourage and facilitate decay. The good thing is that almost everything from the garden and kitchen can be added. The secret is to purpose to put equal quantities of green and brown wastes.
This ratio keeps the compost contents balanced and healthy. So, throw in both moist and dry matter to supply both carbon and nitrogen. The items will feed the organisms that facilitate the process of decomposition and build the structure of new soil. Some of the amazing organic components include old newspapers, eggshells, coffee grounds, cut flowers, paper filters, tea bags, pet hair, toothpicks, veggie and food scraps, and matches.
All these can be thrown into the first bin. When it becomes full, its contents should be turned into the second one. Remember to always turn it to fasten the decomposition process. As this continues to start filing the third side with new materials. By the time the third bin gets full, the middle one is completely decayed. Even better, the first one will be empty to allow you to begin the process again.
Keep in mind lack of air means the compost pile only start rotting and smelling. Moisture aids in breaking everything down. So always sprinkle water over the compost with an exception only if the scraps added are damp enough. If you have the right combination the compost would smell not like anything else but earthy soil.
Is there something that should not be composted?
Animal and dairy products are compostable even though at some point begin to produce some smell and at worst attract pests. So, throw them in a different garbage container. The same thing applies to oils, fats, and pet’s wastes. Furthermore, if the plants have some disease or are insect-infested, never toss them into the pile. This is a potential contaminant to the compost, thus rendering it useless.
How long will the composting process take?
Composting takes place in two forms including cold and hot. Hot composting is the name suggests makes the materials to cook fast in the presence of carbon, nitrogen, water, and air. In the end, compost is created after some time. Cold composting only needs accumulating materials in the compost bin. Then the pile can naturally decompose during the year. For you to get the best compost always ensure you add good materials. Bad ingredients will harm the pile, and finally the garden.
The process goes for a few weeks and all the food scraps are turned to soil. As the days go by ensure you turn over the mixture over weekly or biweekly using a shovel and a garden fork for a thorough mix. In case, there is no progress after some weeks, keep adding more organic materials and ensure the pile stays moist. If it produces the smell and yet it is wet, then add brown materials and frequently turn your compost. Moreover, breakdown the big materials including branches to maintain air circulation. When the smell begins or it looks like soil, it is a sign of ready compost.
How will the compost be utilized?
Finished composed has different uses in the home. The main purpose why the bin is made is to make natural fertilizers for the garden. Yes, it is sprinkled on top of or mixed into the vegetable and flower beds or lawn. Once done it should be raked gently to blend with the soil to refresh plants. This acts as a soil amendment because adding it to the garden improves its structure and general health.
Incorporating compost to the garden help in moisture retention. This, in turn, increases the overall microbial and earthworm population. The organisms serve as a good biological way to control annoying pests. Additionally, it offers a slow-release mechanism of macronutrients. That means the plants get a balanced supply of essential nutrients. So, nurture the soil and plants by adding many times in a year to get the best results.
Finally, if you do not have a compost bin the time to think about constructing one is now. The good thing is that DIY types are easily made for your farmhouse. So, this is no longer something to worry you because it is a great way to have a booming garden. Of course, it is easier to create your place for composting.
The result is a blend of organic materials that are fully decomposed and nutrient-rich. Not only will this work miraculously for plants but also it is an ideal way to throw away leftovers or even unwanted items. Always use garden trimmings, kitchen remainders, and dry leaves. This easy DIY project saves you money, helps your garden, and aid in preserving the environment at the same time. So, consider this natural fertilizer an all-rounded win-win solution.